IMPLANTS AND DENTURES
Dentures are simply false teeth, though their quality has been improving recently, they are still not ideal for everybody. Dentures can easily slip out into your mouth while speaking or eating if not properly cemented with denture adhesive. This can be very embarrassing. More so, if not fitted properly, the denture may cause infection and decay in other teeth, which can possibly increase the risk of having to undergo a tooth filling on the adjoining tooth.
Whereas, in comparison with dentures, dental implant seems more beneficial and useful than the dentures. Dental implant feels and functions more like the natural teeth. And you can handle them, clean them, and care for them just as you would your natural teeth without any fear or worry.
However, the dental implant is more expensive and not many people have the necessary anatomy or resources needed to carry out a complete tooth replacement for them with dental implants. As a result, a restoration option that blends implants and dentures can be a better intermediate solution. This restoration option is a blend of both removable (denture) and fixed components (dental implant).
There are basically 2 types of restoration option that blends both implants and dentures. These are implant supported denture and hybrid (fixed-detachable) dentures.
In the case of the implant supported dentures, 2 to 4 implants are done to give necessary support to the overlying removable denture. This increases the stability of the structure greatly while holding the bone rightly in place where the implants are located. implant supported denture combines the advantages of both the removable dentures and the implant services at an affordable cost.
On the other hand, the hybrid (fixed-detachable) dentures is a bit advanced, in that it combines the properties of a removable denture and fixed dental implants and couples this with the provision of the gum tissues needed in the prosthesis just like it is done with an overdenture. The hybrid (fixed-detachable) dentures differ from the implant supported dentures in the sense that it uses more implants and offer more support to the teeth.
What Is the implant-supported denture?
Just as the name implies, the implant supported denture, also known as implant overdenture, is a type of overdenture that is supported by the dental or attached to implants. This is unlike the typical denture, which is not supported by implants but rests on the gums.
This replacement option is usually used when a patient does not have any teeth in his/her jaw but has enough and strong bone in his/her jaw to support implants. The implant supported denture comes with a special attachment that fits into attachments on the implants. Implant supported dentures are usually fitted into the lower jaw. This is because typical dentures are less stable when fitted into the lower jaw. Traditionally dentures are fitted to the upper jaw, where they are more stable on their own. However, the implant-supported denture can be fitted on either the upper or lower jaw. To care for the implant supported denture, it must be removed to clean and the and gum area must be clean as well. It is recommended not to sleep with the implant supported denture at night. This is why most people prefer to have irremovable, fixed crown and bridgework in their mouths. Consult your dentist for more suggestions on fixed or removable dentures.
Care for the Implant Supported Denture
Just like stated above, if you have the implant supported denture on, the denture must be removed at night and also for cleaning. During cleaning, always be careful when cleaning around the attachments. Besides, your dentist would have tested every part of your new denture to ensure that they are secure. For instance, although the implant supported denture is more stable, it can still move slightly when the patient bites or chews. This slight movement by the denture can rub against your gums and lead to a sore spot. All these your dentist would check, including your gums and the way your upper and lower teeth meet together during a bite after the denture has been inserted.
Will X-Rays Show My Implant?
Yes, an X-ray will reveal the implants in your jaws as well as any other attachment to them. During the dental procedure, the dentist would take X-rays a few times to see whether the implants, abutments or any other attachment are rightly in places.
Possible Complications That May Arise with Implant Supported Denture
Aside from the fact that patients undergoing the fixing of implant supported denture are exposed to the risks of surgery and the risk of having the implants fail, a bar-retained denture also carries some certain level of risks on its own. The bar-retained denture requires sufficient space on the denture framework to give room for the special attachments that would be are fixed to the bar. As a result, less space is available where the teeth are fitted on the denture framework. As a result, the teeth can sometimes come loose right from the base.
More so, it is important that when the bar is attached to the implants, it must be balanced evenly on each implant. This process is known as a “passive fit.” However, if the bar is not fitted in a passive fir, there would be an extra strain on the bar, which can make the screws to lose. Hence, if you clench your teeth or grind, there is a possibility that some parts of the denture may break or you may get your implants loosed.
What You Should Expect from Your Implant Supported Denture?
The implant supported denture is normally more stable than the traditional dentures. Hence, a patient with implant supported denture would find it very easy to speak without fear or worry about having the denture loosen or falling off into your mouth. So anyone with denture would be able to drink and eat foods, even those they can’t eat before. Nevertheless, you would not be able to bite or chew on sticky or hard foods because such foods would possibly damage the denture.